Computers Are Haunting The World Chess Championship (Which, Yes, Is Still Tied) – FiveThirtyEight


Game 3 of the World Chess Championship in London, like the two games that came before it, ended in a draw — 49 moves and a touch more than four hours. The best-of-12 championship is currently level at 1.5 points apiece in a race to 6.5 points and the game’s most important prize.

Magnus Carlsen of Norway, the three-time defending world champ and world No. 1, is looking for a fourth crown. Fabiano Caruana, the U.S. challenger and world No. 2, is trying to become the first American to claim the world title since Bobby Fischer in 1972. It’s the first time since 1990 that the world’s two top-rated grandmasters have met in this match — but it’s been a bloodless battle thus far.

On Monday, Caruana controlled the white pieces and Carlsen the black. The pair began Game 3 with an opening called the Sicilian Defence, specifically its Rossolimo Variation. It was the same opening they played in Game 1 — which ended in an epic seven-hour draw — and the first five moves exactly matched those from that earlier game. But they deviated dramatically from this familiar ground on move 6, when Carlsen moved his queen to the c7 square. Caruana glanced around the soundproof glass room in which they played, looking slightly befuddled.

But Caruana responded quickly, and after his move (rook to e1), the position on the world championship board had cropped up only once before in a high-level game, according to ChessBase — an otherwise forgotten game played in Hanoi in 1995. That rare position looked like this:

A quick word on this opening’s eponymous Rossolimo himself seems warranted, given that Monday’s game was lacking in fireworks and Rossolimo’s name has figured more prominently thus far in this world championship than any but Caruana and Carlsen. He was Nicolas Rossolimo, Renaissance man: one of the U.S.’s 12 grandmasters at the time, fluent in Russian, Greek, French and English, and the “proprietor of a chess studio,” which became a second home to some players. He was also a judo master and a New York City cab driver and recorded an album of Russian folk songs, according to The New York Times. He died in 1975 after a fall near the storied Marshall Chess Club in Manhattan.

Magnus Carlsen ponders his next move against Fabiano Caruana during Game 3 of the 2018 World Chess Championship.

World Chess

Back to Monday’s chess: On his 13th move, Carlsen pushed his black pawn forward to a5. Pieces were exchanged on that square over the next few moves, and the queenside became wide open — a vast Wild West of squares marauded by rooks and queens.

But by this point in the game, only 17 moves deep and with plenty of firepower remaining on the board, the chesserati was assessing the game as headed straight for a draw. (Pro tip: If you want to sound smart about a championship chess game, just say it “looks drawish.”) In this case, they were right. The powerful pieces on the board’s western side were liquidated, and Caruana and Carlsen agreed to a draw after the 49th move and four hours of play.

There is another figure, aside from the colorful Rossolimo, casting its shadow over this championship: The Computer. Most livestreams of the match feature instant computer engine analyses, whose cold numbers instantly assess the humans’ tiniest inaccuracies down to hundredths of a pawn. Those judgments ripple through the commentary. Full disclosure, I rely heavily on a chess engine running on my laptop to aid my understanding as I watch the games. One popular site during recent world championships features live analysis showing arrows pointing out a supercomputer’s favored moves.

The principals in the match have also commented on The Computer’s somewhat spooky influence.

“I’m facing not only Fabiano and his helpers, but also his computer help,” Carlsen said in a press conference after Game 2. (He was referring to Caruana’s deep preparation for the game, although Carlsen surely uses a computer to prep, too.)

“It’s like you’re playing against a phantom,” Judit Polgar, a grandmaster providing official commentary on the match, said today.

The Computer can often seem like a phantom, a specter haunting the games. It can seem like an overlord that has rendered the human game obsolete and small. But it’s important to remember that man made the machines. Garry Kasparov lost to the supercomputer Deep Blue, but a team of humans sweated and bled to built it. In these technological gaming battles, man plays two roles: builder and performer.

At the world championship in London, we are witnessing the performance of two of the best players in the history of the game. That stronger computers exist, and have helped Caruana and Carlsen get to London, does not detract from their feat.

Here is how — ahem — a computer has seen the championship so far, move by move, cold computation by cold computation. We’ll keep the chart below updated throughout the match.

Game 4 begins Tuesday at 3 p.m. Greenwich Mean Time — that’s 10 a.m. Eastern. I’ll be covering it here and on Twitter.



Garma, Torre rule Asian Seniors Chess – Rappler


International Master Chito Garma bags the 50-and-over division crown as Grandmaster Eugene Torre cops the 65-and-over title

Published 9:03 AM, November 12, 2018

Updated 9:03 AM, November 12, 2018

EVERGREEN. Top-ranked Eugene Torre finishes with 7.0 points to retain his title. File photo

EVERGREEN. Top-ranked Eugene Torre finishes with 7.0 points to retain his title. File photo

TAGAYTAY CITY, Philippines – International Master Chito Garma bested Australian Angelito Camer on Sunday, November 11, to rule the 9th Asian Seniors Chess Championships at Tagaytay International Convention Center.

Still an active tournament player at 54, Garma emerged unscathed with 7 wins and 2 draws for 8.0 points that gave the two-time Olympian the 50-and-over division crown.

Top seed Grandmaster Eugene Torre also prevailed over Kazakh Aitkazy Bairmusin to retain the 65-and-over title with 7.0 points.

“I’m very happy to win again, especially in an international tournament like this Asian Seniors. Maagang Pasko ito (This is an early Christmas gift),” said Garma, who pocketed the top prize of $500.

IM Petronio Roca, finished 2nd to Garma with 6.5 points despite losing to Kazakh FIDE Master Oleg Rinas in the last round of the event organized by the Asian Chess Federation and hosted by Tagaytay through Mayor Agnes Tolentino and Cavite 7th District Rep. Abraham “Bambol” Tolentino.

The second-seeded Rinas and IM Angelo Young shared 3rd and 4th places with 6.0 points, relegating National Master Carlo Lorena to 5th with 5.5 points.

Torre, who scored a perfect 9.0 in last year’s Asian Seniors held in Auckland, New Zealand, earned $350 in the tournament that lured 34 players from 9 countries.

National Masters Cedar Caturla and Rosendo Bandal landed 2nd and 3rd with 6.5 and 5.5 points, respectively, in the over-65 category.

WFM Helen Milligan of New Zealand scored 4.0 points to emerge as the top female player for the fourth straight time.

Almagul Chakeyeva of Kazakhstan placed 2nd with 3.5 points followed by Olympian Mila Emperado.

Mike Lapitan served as tournament director and Patrick Lee supervising arbiter of the event supported by the National Chess Federation and the Philippine Sports Commission.

Final standings:

(Philippines unless stated)

Over-50

8 points – C. Garma

6.5 – P. Roca

6 – O. Rinas (Kazakhstan), A, Young

5.5 – C. Lorena

5 –A. Pacis, A. Camer (Australia), T. Khin (Myanmar), A. Baimurzin (Kazakhstan), K. Jumadullayev (Kazakhstan), E. Roull, S. MAhmud (Indonesia).

Over-65

7 – E. Torre

6.5 – C. Caturla

5.5 – R. Bandal

4 – C. Padua, K. S. Lim (Malaysia)

– Rappler.com



A chess school in Kampala wanted to keep kids off the streets, now it has two world stars – Quartz


Gloria Nansubuga wasn’t even meant to go to the Chess Olympiad. Her coach has been keeping her out of competition, so that she could focus on preparing for her university entry exams. But when a national team player dropped out, she tried for it, at the last minute. The 17-year old, not only made the team, but also went on to win two titles at the Olympiad in Georgia, this October. It was the most impressive performance by any Ugandan player at the Olympiad, ever.

“In my last game, I needed a draw. We were playing South Africa. My opponent was an International Master. I was in fear. I didn’t believe I could get a draw against an International Master,” Nansubuga who had no title, prior to the tournament, recalls. Together with Phiona Mutesi, Uganda’s best known chess player, Nansubuga spent the night reviewing all the games her opponent had ever played. By morning, she had figured out what her own responses to the moves would be.

Nansubuga, who had earlier in the same tournament become a Woman Candidate Master, now became a Woman FIDE Master. Chess has four title ranks: Candidate Master, FIDE Master, International Master, and Grand Master, in that order. Titles given in the women’s competition are prefixed with a gender marker: Woman. Nansubuga’s title is one above Mutesi’s, although the latter is better known, thanks to the 2016 Disney movie Queen of Katwe. Robert Katende who is played by David Oyelowo in the movie coaches both players.

Reuters/Danny Moloshok

(L to R) Robert Katende and Phiona Mutesi, who are portrayed in “Queen of Katwe” pose along with director Mira Nair, actor Madina Nalwanga, Lupita Nyong’o, David Oyelowo and actor Martin Kabanza during its Los Angeles premiere in Hollywood in 2016.

Queen of Katwe tells Mutesi’s journey from destitution in Katwe, one of Kampala’s biggest slums, to titled chess player (Candidate Master). Nansubuga’s journey is identical. In fact in the movie, she is the little girl who shows Mutesi her very first winning chess moves. Nansubuga started going to Katende’s chess shelter, at the age of four.

Perhaps most inspiring about these young players’ story, is that in the long run they won’t be outliers. “I expect to get a grand master,” Katende says. An engineer by training, he has instead spent all his working life using sports for social work in Kampala’s slums. “I started with soccer but in slums, the space is very limited. We didn’t even engage any girls with soccer. When I started chess, all the kids who could not play soccer showed up.”

Robert Katende

Champion!

What he learnt, when he started teaching children the game, is that “chess is a metaphor for life,” especially for people living in poverty. Whether you are talking about chess or life in the slum, “it is one complex puzzle. You plan for this, it changes suddenly,” Katende says. Used to quick problem solving in their own lives, slum children, it turns out, are excellent at playing chess.

SOM Academy

So, to Katende, producing two titled players is the smaller of his achievements. “I don’t hype the wins so much. The way I use chess is: transforming lives through this platform,” Scores have been transformed. With chess training and practice at his Sports Outreach Ministry, Katende keeps the children busy and out of the alleys, but he spends most of his time looking for academic aid.

Robert Katende leads an instruction classTwelve years ago, he entered a partnership with a local school, St Mbuga Vocational Institute. It offers his students a 25% discount on tuition, because they help it dominate national chess competitions. He sources the 75% from local and international charities, via his robertkatende.org. This way, he has put more than 50 Katwe children, including Nansubuga, Mutesi and Benjamin Mukunja (Nansubuga’s brother) through school. The latter two are doing their undergraduate studies in the US at Northwestern University with tuition scholarships.

Since it’s very difficult to make a living as a professional chess player, Katende is far happier with academic outcomes. Still, even he admits that Chess Olympiad titles are great. “It is a great motivation for the players and it continues to show them that irrespective of where we come from, we can also make it.”

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Fischer vs. Spassky | World Chess Championship 1972 – Chess.com


The most exciting world championships of all-time countdown ends with a nearly consensus pick: Bobby Fischer vs. Boris Spassky in 1972 in Iceland.

The match tallied an amazing 72 points (with eight judges, a maximum score would have been 80), which was 35 higher than second place. Fischer vs. Spassky was the only match that every single judge voted for.

Six of the eight panelists from the Chess.com content team ranked it number one; NM Sam Copeland had it second place and NM Dane Mattson ranked it third. Recall that their votes for first place were Kasparov vs. Karpov, 1987 (Copeland) and Botvinnik vs. Bronstein, 1951 (Mattson). 

The winning match will come as a no surprise to those readers following the list of the top 10, as omitting it would be the editorial equivalent of blundering scholar’s mate. While the match did not come down to the final game, it did have plenty going for it. To wit:

  • Plenty of Cold-War era overtones, as the Soviet Union often equated chess dominance with intellectual and educational superiority
  • The ideal of the “solitary man” as Fischer was almost an island against a cadre of players and government officials assisting Spassky
  • Fischer’s remarkable run in the Interzonal and Candidates’ matches were he won 20 games in a row (the final seven in the Interzonal in Spain, two 6-0 match routs against Mark Taimanov and Bent Larsen, and the first game in the finals against Tigran Petrosian).
  • Fischer threatening to not attend the match at all, even eliciting the intervention of U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, who phoned the American to plead with him to attend
  • Live coverage provided in the U.S. with NM Bruce Pandolfini and Shelby Lyman, helping to later inspire a “Fischer boom” of American clubs and tournament players
  • The dull draw in game one getting turned on its head with Fischer’s profligate 29…Bxh2?!, which has become one of the most analyzed moves in chess history
  • Fischer’s forfeit in game two and the related conspiracy theories of cameras, chairs and electronic bugs (the match even moved to a private room for one game upon resumption)
  • The quickness of his comeback, including his first-ever win against Spassky in game three with 11…Nh5!, a move so surprising it is even its own t-shirt
  • Overall, nine(!) of the first 13 games decisive, something we may never see again in a world championship match
  • The first-ever official world championship for an American, ending a run of 10 consecutive matches won by Soviet players
  • All of the media, Hollywood movies, documentaries, FBI, and KGB files released decades later, where the chess public is still learning more about the match to this day

If you are feeling the intense buildup from this article, just think about how it must have felt in 1972! On to the games:

In the opener, Fischer went recklessly pawn-grabbing, which cost him the point, but in doing so he set the tone as a fearless player that wouldn’t settle for quiet draws.

The next day, Fischer dug himself an 0-2 hole and lost one of his turns with White when he refused to show up because of the proximity of television cameras. The match moved to a “ping pong” room for game three, where Fischer struck back with a knight posting that is now immortalized on a t-shirt by the Q Boutique in St. Louis.

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Spassky stabilized the situation briefly with a draw as Black in game four, but then Fischer won the next two to take the lead. Game five knotted the match at 2.5-2.5 after the reigning champion fell victim to a blunder reminiscent of Fischer’s Candidates’ opponents. “Fischer fever” seemed to still be contagious:

Fischer took the lead in game six by playing the Queen’s Gambit for the first time in his life. The movie “Pawn Sacrifice” called this effort the best chess game of all time. While that superlative is highly debatable, it was a punishing effort by Fischer, and the opposite of winning via one-move blunder:

Here’s that Hollywood treatment of game six:

It’s true what you saw in the film—Spassky really did applaud with the audience following the game.

Fischer picked up another game in round eight, then won again on this next turn with White to make the score 6.5-3.5. His long tactic led to an interesting ending of rook against bishop+two passers, but Spassky barely even managed to have them cross the halfway point of the chessboard.

Spassky got his best win of the match the next round to briefly make it interesting (his only other wins were the first two rounds—the speculative Bxh2 game and the forfeit). In fact, Fischer was crushed in the Najdorf Poisoned Pawn variation, his only loss ever as Black in that opening.

Fischer then uncorked Alekhine’s Defense in round 13, but it is the ending that this win will be best remembered for. In case you are wondering, don’t believe the equivalency you were taught as a child. Five passed pawns beats a rook!

Here’s the praise heaped upon the game from another world championship challenger, David Bronstein:

“Of all the games from the match, the 13th appeals to me most of all. When I play through the game I still cannot grasp the innermost motive behind this or that plan or even individual move. Like an enigma, it still teases my imagination.”

Fischer rode out his lead with seven consecutive draws, and then won the title when Spassky resigned by phone in a losing position in game 21. The final score was 12.5-8.5 for Fischer.

Will Caruana-Carlsen 2018 live up to this 1972 match? Will it even make a future “top-10” list of most exciting world championships? We will all find out soon! Let us know in the comments if you think the upcoming match could possibly top any of the ones from our list.


The Most Exciting World Chess Championships Ever:



2018 World Chess Championship Opens In London – Chess.com


One of the most anticipated world championship matches in recent memory kicked off Thursday at the The College in Holborn, London. For the first time since 1990, the biggest belt in chess will be contested by the world’s top two players.

Not only will Magnus Carlsen and Fabiano Caruana be contesting the world championship in this cavernous, stone building, but if there’s a winner in regulation then that person will also be the number-one rated player. You have to go back five years for the last time Carlsen wasn’t world champion. Add two more years for the last time he wasn’t the highest-rated player.

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The view that spectators will have of the action, behind one-way glass. | Photo: Mike Klein/Chess.com.

The two men are remarkably close in rating (Carlsen is merely three points to the good) and they are separated even less alphabetically: just one other grandmaster divides them on a roster. They are only one year apart in age (Carlsen 27, Caruana 26) and both even had final training camps in the same country (Spain).

FIDE press officer Danny King showing that the two players are so close in rating.

FIDE press officer Danny King showing that the two players are so close in rating. | Photo: Mike Klein/Chess.com.

Today both entered a darkened but packed press conference area. The two pugilists looked about the same as they usually do. They even dressed like any other event—Carlsen in his sponsored black jacket and white shirt; Caruana in his dark-blue casual jacket (the same he has worn in tournaments like the 2018 Sinquefield Cup).

Neither directly looked at each other during the 30-minute press conference. In fact, they both seemed to avoid eye contact with anyone. Except when answering a direct question, Carlsen looked up and seemingly over the crowd of journalists, while Caruana’s gaze was often at the floor while others were speaking. For the American, he immediately took some water as soon as he sat down. Unlike the champ, he’d almost certainly never faced such a throng of leering lenses.

Magnus Carlsen

Magnus Carlsen looked serious and stern, until he got a chance to add some levity. Pretty much the usual for him. | Photo: Mike Klein/Chess.com.

Eventually they both became animated at the wide array of questions, both serious, and silly. Below are some of the highlights of the short session.

When asked if he was playing not just for himself, but for the chance for the U.S. to regain the the world championship for the first time in more than four decades, Caruana said: “I mostly try to approach tournaments as an individual. If I have success of course I’d like to share it with the United States. But at the board chess players are all alone.” (Later he also gave a nod to his Italian ancestry and dual citizenship and to his time with that federation.)

Caruana added later that he’d like to be compared one day with Bobby Fischer, but that can’t happen until at least the end of the month. “If I win it will be more apt,” he said.

Fabiano Caruana

Fabiano Caruana, with the weight of two countries on his shoulders. | Photo: Mike Klein/Chess.com.

One reporter wanted to know if Carlsen thought chess was now cool. For him, he can’t remember it being any other way.

“Personally I’ve found chess the coolest thing in the world since I was eight years old,” Carlsen said.

Is this year any different than the three previous world championship matches? Carlsen mixed his usual blend of a serious answer and a “Hollywood Squares” style joke response.

“You always feel differently,” he said. Then the small joke: “I’m a bit older, so I feel older.”

Magnus Carlsen

Does Carlsen look older? You decide. | Photo: Mike Klein/Chess.com.

Both players have given revealing interviews in the lead-up to the match (make sure to check out GM Jonathan Tisdall’s excellent summary including fascinating quotes by sister Ellen Carlsen). But at least one may not have been terribly accurate. When asked about an interview in mainstream media that he harbored aspirations as a screenwriter, Caruana corrected the record today.

“That was news to me!” he said.

Switching to music, Caruana was asked if Carlsen is indeed the “Mozart of Chess,” what comparison would he give himself?

“My musical tastes are outside classical music,” Caruana said. “So I’d probably pick something in the hip-hop or rock genre.”

Fabiano Caruana

Caruana: Not Amadeus or Aaron Sorkin, but darn good at his day job. | Photo: Mike Klein/Chess.com.

Backing up to those pre-match interviews, Carlsen gave one of his more revealing and lengthy interviews ever on a Norwegian podcast (Tarjei Svensen transcribed it here). Alluding to one of the champion’s answers, Carlsen was asked by veteran reporter Leontxo Garcia if he has improved his temper since the 2016 match.

“Your question is very upsetting to me!” Carlsen joked without skipping a beat. Then he added, “At times I’ve been apathetic. It goes the other way. So I need to find some middle ground.”

Ilya Merenzon

World Chess CEO Ilya Merenzon said this was the best playing site he’d been a part of. Like in 2016, there will be a one-way glass partition where fans can watch but players can’t see them back. | Photo: Mike Klein/Chess.com.

Back in 2014, Caruana had just reeled off seven straight wins at the Sinquefield Cup and was due to have white against Carlsen. This reporter made the linguistic mistake of tepidly calling the world champion an “underdog” instead of asking if he felt like one. Today that same word “underdog” was broached by another reporter, but since it came in the interrogative form, Carlsen didn’t offer a similarly-strident response.

“It’s been a while since I’ve considered myself an underdog against anybody,” he said plainly, adding that with all of his accolades and superlatives in the chess world, something would be wrong with him psychologically if he did. 

However, any thought of unflinching confidence by the Norwegian was dispelled a few moments later when he said, “I know that if I play in the same vein as I have recently, then I will not win.”

For his part, Caruana said he’s seen the flaws in Carlsen’s play, but he cannot deduce any clear pattern. His research suggests that his opponent’s mistakes have been randomized incidents.

Sicilian

Across the street from the playing hall, it seems the city is hoping for some sharp openings! | Photo: Mike Klein/Chess.com.

What’s the pregame formula for success? Carlsen has done this extended match thing for a while and said simply: “Eat well, sleep well, prepare well, play well.”

Finally, the press conference ended with the most out-of-bounds question. Although it was enunciated clearly, the players needed it repeated to make sure they’d heard it correctly from the female reporter: “Are there any women supporting you in the match?”

Fabiano Caruana

Caruana is amused that on the precipice of the biggest chess event of his life, he’s being asked about his personal life. | Photo: Mike Klein/Chess.com.

FIDE Press Officer Danny King noted the ambiguity in the question, and decided to let the players answer as they saw fit.

Caruana said that yes, his mother is supporting him, and that many of those in his social circle are “female friends.” Carlsen’s love life has been more “on the record” than the American’s, and he went straight to that aspect of his life.

“I don’t think so,” he said about female support. “Women hate me; I repel them.”

Chess.com will have extensive coverage of the match, including daily reports on match days right here on Chess.com/news. You can catch all of the moves live at Chess.com/wcc2018 and watch Chess.com’s best-known commentators, IM Danny Rensch and GM Robert Hess, on either Twitch.tv/Chess or Chess.com/TV. Special guests, including GMs Hikaru Nakamura, Maxime Vachier-Lagrave, Wesley So, Sam Shankland and more will be joining the live coverage on different days. 

In addition, GM Alex Yermolinsky will be doing round-by-round wrap-up videos, available immediately after every round on all your favorite social platforms (Twitch, YouTube, Facebook and Chess.com). 

The current U.S. chess champion GM Sam Shankland will provide written, in-depth analysis of each game in our news reports.

GM Yasser Seirawan will share his thoughts on the match standings and inner workings of how the players are approaching each game with videos, exclusive to Chess.com members, on each rest day. 

Yasser Seirawan