How Senegalese Wrestling Became a Modern Martial Arts Sensation – OZY


The crowd is buzzing as the unforgiving Dakar sun beats down and the stadium fills past capacity. The air is thick with tension — one fears to step on anyone’s toes. The drums pound louder in anticipation of the historic match that is about to begin. Two loin-clad wrestlers prepare in an expansive ring, their feet deep in the sand. Each grappler is joined by a marabout or two, spiritual guides who lead their men through rituals that, while steeped in traditional culture, also borrow heavily from the mystical Sufi Islamism practiced by most Senegalese.

In the ring is Fodé Doussouba, the 6-foot-2-inch, 330-pound star of traditional Senegalese wrestling sans frappe (without hitting or punching), who has enjoyed an undefeated, 11-year reign. He walks through a wooden loop four times to ward off negative spells.

His opponent is the heavy favorite, Bory Patar, the 6-foot-5-inch, 265-pound champion of wrestling avec frappe (with hitting or punching), the modern, commercial version of the sport that combines elements of wrestling and bare-knuckle boxing. Patar, who is wearing leather charms and amulets, douses himself in an oily liquid handed to him by his marabout — a potion to increase his strength, make him invincible and assure victory.

Wrestling competitions also were used to pay homage to respected leaders, celebrate initiation ceremonies and show off masculinity to potential brides.

In the stadium’s seat of honor sits a regal man in a grand boubou — Bassirou Diagne Marème Diop. In a few decades he’ll become Le Grand Serigne de Dakar, the leader of the Lebou people, fishermen who are the original inhabitants of the region. For now, in 1961, he’s a rogue wrestling promoter who has rigged the match between old and new, giving the fighters different contracts that require each to compete in his own style, while filling the stadium with fans hungry to see what type of fight it turns out to be.

4, 3, 2, 1 — wrestle!

Patar lashes out. “He punched me!” yells Doussouba, holding his head in shock.

Diop rushes into the ring and loudly berates Patar. “Why did you hit him? You know this match is meant to be a traditional wrestling match — no punching!” As he walks away, though, he whispers to Patar: “Next time, hit him harder.”

4, 3, 2, 1 — wrestle!

Bam!

This time, realizing he’s been tricked, Doussouba reaches for a big stick and uses it to beat Patar. The event descends into chaos as the fans start fighting in the stands. The match is stopped, but a winner can be declared: the modern style. From that point on, the dominant wrestling in Senegal is avec frappe.

Not that it mattered to Diop, who had covered his bases. “The money had been taken home to the promoter’s wife before the match even began,” says Serigne Mour Diop, a Senegalese wrestling historian, journalist and author of La Lutte Senegalaise. “They knew the drama that would ensue.”

La lutte Senegalaise, or laamb ji as it’s known in the Senegalese language of Wolof, has existed since the 14th century. It was a form of entertainment that usually occurred after the harvest when villages would compete against each other. The wrestling competitions also were used to pay homage to respected leaders, celebrate initiation ceremonies and show off masculinity to potential brides.

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In the early years of the 20th century, French colonial leaders introduced prize money, which gradually changed the sport from a community event into a commercial one. La lutte declined during World War I, when more than 200,000 Senegalese soldiers served France — 30,000 of them perished in the European conflict.

Despite the wartime setback, Senegalese wrestling recovered, its popularity and mysticism intact. A major turning point was in 1924 when Maurice Jacquin, a French film producer and avid boxer, opened a cinema in Dakar and used its grounds to train boxers. Several wrestlers were attracted to the sport, and Jacquin came up with the idea of combining the two martial arts into today’s dominant version of la lutte.

While fame was always there for great wrestlers, fortune only started in the 1970s when the sport was formalized and coordinated under a governing body. Since then, la lutte has become more famous than soccer in Senegal — and it attracts even larger sponsors. The big stars can make as much as $200,000 per match and fight in two to three matches per year, say promoters. And that’s in a country where the annual income per capita is $1,093, according to the World Bank.

Today, in the same way a young boy in a Brazilian favela dreams of becoming the next Ronaldo, in Senegal a young boy dreams of being Falaye Baldé, who grabbed his opponents and demanded of the crowd, “Tell me where to toss him!” Or Mame Gorgui Ndiaye, who after every match, spoke poetically of all the wrestlers he had defeated — driving his fans into a frenzy. Or Doudou Baka Sarr, famous for bringing his own musicians to matches and, after each victory, parading in front of the crowd in a majestic robe decorated with mirrors.

The young Senegalese boy dreams of going down in history, immortalized in songs and stories with the great wrestlers who have gone before him.



The seventh year of Cagesiders picking their favorite pro wrestling performance starts here! – Cageside Seats (blog)


Everybody who comes to Cageside Seats has an opinion about what’s going on in pro wrestling – The Smark’s Shoot Standings (S3)* are where YOU let us know YOURS.

Cast a vote in the comments. Give us the four performers you think entertained or impressed the most in the last week, and feel free to talk about why. And/or vote for your top performer in our poll.

We also normally have the outcome of last week’s voting, the results of which make up our annual competition for Performer of the Year. This being the first week of a new WrestleMania-to-WrestleMania “season”, things are a little different, but we still need your vote.

Remember, the Standings are for the previous week’s nationally televised and internet streaming pro wrestling shows – the April 9 episode of WWE Monday Night Raw, WWE SmackDown & 205 Live from Tuesday, Wednesday’s NXT and ROH TV, Impact Wrestling on Thursday, and whatever other streaming/televised wrestling you may have caught from April 8 – 14 (not counting WrestleMania 34).

Make YOUR mark, smarks*!


We’d usually have last week’s results here, but as those votes ended our fifth season, you can find out how everything wrapped up in our year-end extravaganza here.

That post also asked for predictions on the 2017-18, WrestleMania 34 – WrestleMania 35 season. And, if the results were any indication, this could soon be happening places other than 2K18…


Alexander Smith’s YouTube channel

… like atop The Standings (and maybe on Raw):

The S3 Performer of the Year – Voter Predictions for 2018-19

1. Daniel Bryan
2. Braun Strowman
3. Roman Reigns
4. Seth Rollins
5. AJ Styles
6. Johnny Gargano
7. Shinsuke Nakamura
8. Dean Ambrose
9. Ronda Rousey
10. (tie) Charlotte Flair
10. (tie) Kenny Omega
10. (tie) Samoa Joe


As a refresher for veterans and a crash course for newcomers, here’s the how and why of our little fan vote…

Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About The S3:

Perfomers who play a significant role on a nationally televised wrestling show available in at least 50 million United States homes, or on a televised pay-per-view (PPV)/WWE Network special, will get entries in our click-vote poll.

If you want to vote for someone who didn’t appear on Raw, Impact or Smackdown, and/or if would like to either recognize more performers or have a greater impact on the Standings, you should log in and vote in the comments.

Voting both via the poll and a comment is not only allowed, but encouraged. If you want to really influence the S3, and have a lot more flexibility with your ballot, you’ve really got to comment.

In a comment vote, you have four “slots”. If you place one performer in each, first place is assigned 4 points for the week, second 3, third 2 and fourth 1. Weekly points are assigned to everyone’s comment for ranking.

You can list more than one wrestler per slot, either as a tag team or a tie between unrelated workers. If you use all four slots and have people tied in any of them, those performers will split the points assigned to that slot. For instance:

1. WALTER
2. Roppongi 3K
3. Tenille Dashwood
4. Will Ospreay

results in the Austrian hoss getting 4 weekly points, Sho & Yoh getting 1.5 each (splitting the 3 points assigned to a second place vote) while the artist formerly known as Emma gets 2 points for third and the Aerial Assassin receives 1 for fourth.

On the other hand, you can assign more points for a tie by having the tie replace one of your other slots, like so:

1. WALTER
2. Roppongi 3K
4. Tenille Dashwood

In this instance, Sho and Yoh would each receive 2.5 weekly Standings points, as they will split the 3 points for second and the 2 points for third. The Aussie free agent then gets 1 for fourth.

The poll is counted separately. The performer who receives the most votes gets 10 points, second most 9, and so on down to the person who receives the tenth highest vote count earning 1 weekly point. Doesn’t matter if the winner gets 6,000 votes in the poll, he or she only gets 10 points from it. This is because the poll is prone to trolling and not that hard to game… but mostly because we want you to join the conversation in the comments!

The annual list is calculated in a similar fashion. Finishing first in the weekly Standings is worth 10 annual points, through tenth being worth 1. Ties split the points assigned to the rankings between the number of people tied. So if one week, Eddie Edwards, Dakota Kai and Shane Strickland tie for seventh, they each get 3 points from 9 total (4 for seventh, 3 for eighth and 2 for ninth) split three ways.


Hope that makes sense. If not, ask away in the comments.

Refresh your memory with cSs coverage of each show in their respective section: from Raw, Impact, NXT, Smackdown, New Japan and the wide world of everything else.

Then vote, and we’ll see you next week for the for first results of Season Seven!

Poll

Which performer had the best week, April 8 – 14 (not counting WrestleMania 34)?

  • 0%

    Stephanie McMahon

    (1 vote)

  • 9%

    Ronda Rousey

    (12 votes)

  • 0%

    Nia Jax

    (0 votes)

  • 3%

    Ember Moon

    (5 votes)

  • 0%

    Braun Strowman

    (1 vote)

  • 4%

    Nicholas

    (6 votes)

  • 0%

    No Way Jose

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Dash Wilder

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Scott Dawson

    (0 votes)

  • 6%

    Seth Rollins

    (8 votes)

  • 0%

    Finn Bálor

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Jeff Hardy

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Mandy Rose

    (0 votes)

  • 1%

    Sasha Banks

    (2 votes)

  • 0%

    Bayley

    (1 vote)

  • 4%

    Paige

    (6 votes)

  • 0%

    Elias

    (0 votes)

  • 1%

    Bobby Lashley

    (2 votes)

  • 0%

    Akam

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Rezar

    (0 votes)

  • 3%

    Roman Reigns

    (4 votes)

  • 3%

    Samoa Joe

    (5 votes)

  • 0%

    Bray Wyatt

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Matt Hardy

    (1 vote)

  • 0%

    Kevin Owens

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Sami Zayn

    (1 vote)

  • 0%

    Jimmy Uso

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Jey Uso

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Naomi

    (0 votes)

  • 8%

    Shinsuke Nakamura

    (11 votes)

  • 0%

    Charlotte Flair

    (0 votes)

  • 25%

    Billie Kay

    (33 votes)

  • 0%

    Peyton Royce

    (1 vote)

  • 11%

    Carmella

    (15 votes)

  • 0%

    Randy Orton

    (0 votes)

  • 3%

    AJ Styles

    (4 votes)

  • 3%

    Daniel Bryan

    (5 votes)

  • 0%

    Eli Drake

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Scott Steiner

    (1 vote)

  • 0%

    Sami Callihan

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Moose

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Eddie Edwards

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Tommy Dreamer

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Josh Mathews

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Matt Sydal

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Richard Justice

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Tyrus

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Fallas Bahh

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Rosemary

    (1 vote)

  • 0%

    Taya Valkyrie

    (0 votes)

  • 0%

    Austin Aries

    (1 vote)



127 votes total

Vote Now

* In our year end extravaganza, I asked if Cagesiders thought the name of the Standings should be changed to make them more inclusive and avoid perpetuating the use of the term “smark”, especially as an insult or way to divide wrestling fans.

The result was a resounding “No”/”Meh”.

Welcome back to The S3, smarks.



Heavy Metal Wrestling with 'bad ass live music' happening in San Antonio – mySanAntonio.com


Published 12:44 pm, Friday, April 13, 2018



Heavy Metal Wrestling is coming to the San Antonio ring.

Described online as “counter culture pro wrestling from San Antonio accompanied by bad ass live music,” Heavy Metal Wrestling is bringing “Psycho Holiday” to The Guillotine, at 1816 N. Main, on Friday.

RELATED: San Antonio’s Kacy Catanzaro officially signs contract with WWE

The event promised to bring “the most brutal tag team in all the land,” The Hooligans, as well as Ruben Steele, Kikutaro, Alex Herzog and more.



Tickets are listed for $10 on the Heavy Metal Wrestling website.

Madalyn Mendoza is a digital reporter for mySA.com. Read more of her stories here.| mmendoza@mysa.com | Twitter: @MaddySkye




Syria shouldn't be arm wrestling arena for military powers: Erdoğan – Hurriyet Daily News


ANKARA

Syria shouldn’t be arm wrestling arena for military powers: Erdoğan

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has said Syria should not be an “arm-wrestling arena” for outside powers, amid talks with both U.S. President Donald Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin after the former’s vow to strike Damascus over the alleged use of chemical weapons in Syria’s Douma region.

“We are uncomfortable with the fact some countries that are confident of their military power have transformed Syria into an arm wrestling arena … Nobody has the right to burn the Mediterranean and Syrian soil in the fire of military and political power struggles,” Erdoğan said at a ceremony in Ankara on April 12.

His comments came after Trump warned Russia on April 11 of imminent military action in Syria over a suspected poison gas attack in the rebel enclave of Douma near Damascus. Russia replied that any missile attack will be intercepted by its sophisticated S-400 anti-ballistic missile systems in Syria.

Erdoğan spoke with Trump late on April 11 and with Putin on April 12 amid tension between Washington and Moscow. Statements issued by the Turkish Presidency as well as by the Kremlin and the White House did not detail the content of the conversations but said the leaders agreed to stay in touch over developments in Syria.

Erdoğan’s remarks on April 12 indicated Ankara’s intention not to take any visible part in growing tension between the two powers.

“We don’t have any intention to give up our alliance with the U.S., or our strategic relationship with Russia that we have formed in a broad area from energy to security, or working together with Iran to solve regional problems,” he said.

“Our relations with countries such as Russia, Iran and China are not an alternative to our relations with the West, but a supplement to them. This is not an obstacle to us expressing the wrongs of the two sides,” he added.

“Those who support the [Bashar] al-Assad regime are wrong. Those who are supporting the [Syrian Kurdish Democratic Union Party] PYD are also wrong. We will struggle to the end to these two wrongs,” Erdoğan said.

Reiterating Turkey’s objection to the presence of the PYD within the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), formed under the U.S.-backed coalition against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), Erdoğan pledged that Turkey would maintain its presence and activities in Syria “until the country becomes safe for everyone.”

“We will never have a thought to point a gun at the soldiers of our allies. But we recommend as a friend that the soldiers of these countries do not stay too close to PYD soldiers,” he said. These remarks were an apparent softening of Erdoğan’s tone against the U.S. after he previously vowed to target all soldiers present in the Syrian province of Manbij, where U.S. forces are stationed alongside the SDF.

He also stressed Turkey’s objective of securing its border with Syria by “eliminating all terrorists in the region.”

“We consider the presence of any terrorists, either from DAESH [an Arabic acronym for ISIL] or the PYD, as a threat to our security. We see eliminating them as a must for our survival. This should be well-known,” Erdoğan said.

Erdoğan, Syria, Turkey, chemical massacre, Putin



Jake 'the Snake' Roberts has left the wrestling ring and picked up the microphone – The Daily Advertiser


CLOSE

Comedy is booming in Lafayette; here’s what to know
Wochit

We have exploded on the amount of shows we are bringing to Lafayette, especially at The Wurst Biergarten. The Wurst has turned into the pseudo comedy club Lafayette could never have. We cannot thank them enough for the support.

On Friday, “Jazz Cabbage” debuts at The Wurst. “Jazz Cabbage” is a stand-up comedy showcase featuring amazing comedians from all across the South.

This month we welcome Texas heavyweights Dusti Rhodes and Jaffer Khan. Both comedians are the most sought-after comics in Houston.

Joining them will be Alex Luchun and Lane Lonion of New Orleans, plus local comedians Charles-Thomas Vidrine and Ken Edwards.

The show begins at 8 p.m. and there is a $5 cover at the door. Be sure to get there early for food and drinks.

On April 19, Seinfeld Trivia will take place at The Wurst. This event is sold out for teams, but always open to spectators.

In May, we begin themed trivia twice a month at the Wurst.

How Jake “the Snake” Roberts got into comedy

On April 20, we welcome “The Unspoken Word Tour” featuring Jake “The Snake”Roberts and “Hacksaw” Jim Duggan.

This event will be an evening of comedy and stories from their days as professional wrestlers with Mid-South, WWF, and the WWE.

I had a little chat with Jake “the Snake” Roberts about how the idea came about, plus our ties to Morgan City, and more.

Lafayette Comedy: I am super excited and glad we got this show. This event goes deep into my childhood of being a wrestling fan. How did the idea come about for “The Unspoken Word Tour?

”Jake “the Snake”Roberts: I think the idea came up from sitting around, shooting the breeze, and sitting in the locker room telling jokes. All of a sudden you are telling these stories to friends and family, and everyone is laughing their butts off. Everyone kept saying, “You need to take these stories to other people.”

I was like I really don’t do comedy, but then, and this is the absolute truth, I went to see Mick Foley’s show and after seeing that I was like, I am a lot funnier than that.

I saw it could be a lot of fun and I am all about fun. Nowadays you gotta find someway to get that energy out. It was just the next step for me.

Now, I am into acting, but I will keep away from singing though.

LC:The Resurrection of Jake the Snake was an amazing documentary. It is painful, but inspiring and brutal. Has that been a big draw for you while on the road?

JR: It has been an amazing moment for me. I am out here on the road doing cons, whether it be ComicCon or whatever. Autograph signings and stuff. People come up to me and let me know they have seen the movie and it has helped them out. And that’s the people who really just make my day. It makes all that suffering seem worth it now.

If someone told me 10 years ago that I would be out here helping people get away form alcohol and drugs, I would have laughed at them.

The letters I get from adults and even kids, thanking me because daddy has moved back home, is just an amazing feeling.

LC: When I began telling people the show I booked, I said, if you game a younger version of myself a Top 5 list of people you would want to be your step-dad, Jake “The Snake” and “Hacksaw” Duggan would have easily been in the top 5. Of course, The “Junk Yard Dog” would have been number one, no offense.

JR: Oh, I remember those days brother.

LC: Now, I am from a small town called Morgan City…

JR: I know Morgan City, man! We used to do them shows on Monday nights. Hell yeah, man. I remember those days.

LC: How did you and Hacksaw hook up to do this tour?

JR: Him and I have been best friends for a long time. Once I started doing it, I told him I was doing this comedy thing. There are a lot of stories that can’t be told sometimes, but we had this opportunity to do something together.

We are heading to Houston to do a show for some troops, which is near and dear to both of our hearts. You in Lafayette really helped us out by booking us there, and by you booking us in Houston that night. That is basically how we are able to do the benefit for them in Houston.

It gets expensive flying us around. I can’t fit in coach anymore, and Duggan will sit in coach, but he will moan and groan the whole way.

LC: You got to get that “poor man’s first class” by getting in the exit row.

JR: I can’t take it anymore man. But anytime I can do anything with Hacksaw, we will have a good time.

LC: Looking at the days of wrestling to being on the road for comedy, how does being on the road differ now?

JR: Not much at all. Except we are not doing as many strip joints. Not saying we won’t, but normally we don’t. Those days are gone too, especially now that I don’t drink.

LC: Was Kamala really deathly afraid of snakes?

JR: Yes! Kamala was one of the funniest guys. He would jump and was terrified of snakes. He would say, “Now, now, now Jake. You know me and your daddy are friends. I will tell on you to your daddy!” Of course that wouldn’t stop me from getting close to him a couple of times with a snake. Once he got moving, whatever was in his way would get crushed.

LC: Do you still have any of the snakes?

JR: I hate snakes! I am probably as scared of them as Kamala is. I can’t stand the damn things, but when the bell rings I have an out of body experience and become a different person.

LC: What was your favorite Mid-South Wrestling story?

JR: There were so many of them, but probably with The Fabulous Freebirds down in New Orleans.  The fans would get up on top of the buildings and throw rocks at you as you came in. Of course, if they saw you getting out of your car, you would come out and your tires would be slashed and all.

When the Freebirds blinded the Junk Yard Dog, they wanted to kill the Freebirds. One time it got so bad, they wouldn’t drive their own cars to the building anymore. The fans would total the cars, so they got cops to come, but then they started tearing up the cop cars. So the cops stopped coming.

So one time the Freebirds got dropped off and the fans surrounded them and Michael Hayes said, “If you mess with my car out here, I will come out and kick all of your asses.”

But the funny thing was he was pointing to Paul Orndorff’s car. Orndorff, who was a good guy, came out and his car was totaled. He couldn’t figure out why the hell they attacked his car. It was all because Michael Hayes told the fans it was his own car.

The Un-Spoken Word Tour with Jake “the Snake”Roberts and “Hacksaw”Jim Duggan rolls into Lafayette on Friday, April 20. General admission tickets are still available. To purchase, visit www.lafayettecomedy.com

Weekly comedy shows in Lafayette

Interested in trying stand-up comedy? Then you need to know where to begin.

Open-mics are stand-up comedy shows where anyone can signup to perform.

The Wurst Open-Mic is every Wednesday at The Wurst Biergarten, 537 Jefferson St.

Each week, experienced and amateur comedians take the stage to showcase new and old material with up to 5 minutes of stage time. At 9 p.m., the open-mic pauses while that week’s headliner takes the stage. Following the headliner, the open-mic continues.

Hosted by Maggie Shipley and Vaughan Veillon, this open-mic is free for comedians, with a $3 cover for the general public. There will be drink specials including $2 PBR, Modelo, Dos Equis and Corona.

The show kicks up at 8 p.m. Interested performers should sign-up with Maggie or Vaughan by 7:45 p.m.

Also on Mondays, Bisbanos Cellar hosts a free open-mic at 8 p.m.

If you’ve ever thought about trying stand-up comedy, come on out. Drop us an email at lafayettecomedy@gmail.com or via our social media pages. Just search for Lafayette Comedy and you should find us.

JP Leonard is a comedian, educator and a kayak fisherman. He loves sad songs and ice cream. 

 

Read or Share this story: https://www.theadvertiser.com/story/entertainment/2018/04/11/hes-left-wrestling-ring-and-picked-up-microphone/493380002/



Woman says wrestling 'sleeper hold' led to wife's death, officials say – Fox News


A Washington woman who strangled her cheating wife last month, briefly assumed the woman’s identity in a bid to fool cops and then tried to explain the death as the result of a “sleeper hold” while the pair were wrestling, officials said.

Ateerraka Scotland, 27, of Redmond, Wash., is accused of killing her wife, Tiffany Scotland, 26, in their apartment on March 29. Scotland was charged Monday in King County with second-degree murder and had bail set at $3 million.

Prosecutors said in court papers that Scotland told police she killed her wife after learning she was having an affair. She told police she and two others planned to dispose of the body at a later time and that she assumed the victim’s identity to make it seem as if she were still alive, prosecutors said.

CLEVELAND ‘HOUSE OF HORRORS’ VICTIM, RAPED DAILY FOR 11 YEARS, NOW HAPPILY MARRIED 

“Between the time of the killing and her arrest, the defendant assumed the victim’s identity by using the victim’s phone and sending text messages as the victim, presumably in an attempt to show that the victim was still alive,” the King County Prosecutor’s Office said.

Scotland told police after she confronted Tiffany regarding the affair, the two women wrestled and she put her wife in a “sleeper hold until she became unresponsive.”

The prosecutor’s office said Scotland called her family after her arrest asking them to bail her out “so she can leave the area,” Q13 FOX.

“After telling her mother that she killed Tiffany, the defendant states ‘I want to hurry up and get out of here.’ Her mother responds, ‘When you get out of there, you better leave town.’ The defendant then states, ‘I plan on it. I just want to have a fresh start somewhere,’” authorities said.

FLORIDA MOTORCYCLIST RAMMED, DRIVEN OFF ROAD BY ‘MYSTERY DRIVER’ DURING DISPUTE

Scotland’s mother asked her daughter if the slaying was self-defense and the woman replied, “Technically, yeah, but this is the one state they’re not going to take my side because of the way I look and the way I dress.”

Records found Scotland was a suspect in a 2016 assault when she allegedly hit her male roommate in the head with a hammer, seriously injuring the man.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.